Tag Archives: bookbinding

Recent Book Repairs and Rebinding

Late summer and the roads are quieter but it’s been a very busy time in the studio!  Here are a few of our recent rebinding:

New Bone Folders

SPECIALIST small folders

In polished bone and horn, these folders are perfect for delicate work, box making, small bindings and tight corners.  Hand tools of excellent craftsmanship for creating beautiful hand bound books, boxes, portfolios and all kinds of hand worked items where intricate detail and careful finishing are essential.

Bone FoldersBone Folders

 

 

 

 

 

Polished 4″ BONE Folder  £7.50

Polished 4″ HORN Folder  £8.00

SEE OUR STOCK OF BOOK ARTS & BOOKBINDING HAND TOOLS HERE   including our standard 6″ treated bone folders, Bookbinder Tool Kits, Materials, Bookcloth, Pre-cut project kits, hand marbled papers and more.

Standard 6″ Bone Folders, Treated  £9.00

Our standard size 6″ bone folders are treated to resist stains, adhesives and added strength for durability gradually acquiring a natural sheen and polish through normal use becoming more beautiful over time.  An essential hand tool for any bookbinder or artist whose work depends on craftsmanship and fine finishing.

 

UWE Bookmark 2015:  ‘Jove’s Brother’UWE Bookmark 2015

Just completed, this year’s SPECIAL EDITION BOOKMARK for the University of the West of England‘s Centre for Fine Print Research ‘Bookmarks’ project is about to be shipped!

Inspired by Meg Green’s work, ‘JOVE’S BROTHER’, this edition of 100 signed and numbered bookmarks includes the electronically readable QR CODE of Jove’s Brother, transparent text and a random slice of Herman Melville’s iconic ‘MOBY DICK’ riveted together in layers.

The UWE ‘Bookmarks’ project aims to encourage appreciation of artists’ books as works of art. Participating artists each produce an edition of 100 signed and numbered bookmarks to give away through distribution boxes at venues around the world.  Over the years these bookmarks have been distributed in more than 125 galleries, bookstores, workshops, centres, schools and libraries in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK and USA.

Order your own 2015 signed, numbered limited artist edition bookmark ‘Jove’s Brother’ by Meg Green.


Jove's Brother UWE Bookmark 2015 (3)   Jove's Brother UWE Bookmark 2015 (2)

More about ‘Jove’s Brother’

An observation on our evolving relationship with books and reading in a digital age.  Get out your QR code reader to explore this new book on reading in the age of digital media.

“Why did the Greeks give it a separate deity and own brother of Jove?  It is the image of the ungraspable phantom of life; and this is the key to it all.”    –  Herman Melville, Moby Dick, 1851

Artist Book kindle e-reader

‘Jove’s Brother’ by Meg Green 2015

The discussion surrounding overtaking technologies isn’t new, it’s one we have every time a new technology redraws the ways in which we perceive and communicate ideas.  Photography was supposed to have killed painting, video was supposed to have killed film.  Once upon a time, books were the new ‘technology’ that threatened the practice of impressing pointy Cuneiform shapes into little clay tablets.

Clearly, digital books aren’t somehow ‘better‘ than conventional paper books, they’re simply a different medium of exchange.  We aren’t confused about it either, we see and feel the differences between a conventional book and an e-reader, a paper page and a digital screen.

We are physical creatures, our perceptions conceived and conducted within our organic brains and bodies.  We maintain physical immediacy with the objects through which we express ourselves, exchange experiences and communicate ideas.  Our methods continue to change and evolve but this helps refine our subtlety and depth of understanding, our relationship to ‘reading’, books, text, coded images and abstract perceptions.

The Codex and The Screen: Stating the ObviousOriginal Artist's Book by Meg Green

The book: a codex of turnable paper(?) pages assembled within covers comprising a set of material properties specific to its construction.  The illuminated screen, whether an e-reader, mobile phone, laptop or billboard, obviously behaves in ways specific to its own material properties.  The idea of Reading has traditionally implied a universality across all forms of media => Reading is reading, without regard to the format or context of the material.

However, the way we interact with different types of reading is now the pivot of change in digital media.  Reading is no longer a universal or uniform activity irrespective of the mediating device.  Marshall McLuhan taught us this decades ago with ‘The Medium is the Massage’.  We ‘read’ differently from a screen, a mobile, a roadside sign, or a paper codex.  It’s not just about absorbing information or finding things out, an activity well served by the internet.  The aesthetic experience of reading depends on the way we access it.  Memory, retention and depth depend on the material properties we select for different types of reading.

Research on the changing way we readOriginal Artist's Book by Meg Green

A new European study led by Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University documents differences in the immersion, recall and emotional responses based on whether material is presented in traditional paper book form or via digital e-reader.  Researchers found that digital reading is becoming more intermittent and fragmented.  They also found that the time invested in sustained reading strengthens our ability to maintain long term focus, improves our understanding of depth, complexity and layered meaning, and provides a more thoroughly immersive experience.  Sustained focus helps people, especially children at formative education levels, prepare for and negotiate complex life situations with more balanced references to deeper memory and cultural experiences.

Why Moby DickOriginal Artist's Book by Meg Green

I turned to Herman Melville’s ‘Moby Dick’ as an intuitive choice specifically appropriate to my vision for this work.

Moby Dick is famously debated as one of the few compositions in any language about which no one seems to agree on its content.  Ask any number of scholars, professors, casual readers or innocent bystanders what it’s ABOUT and you will get as many answers as there are questions.  There are central themes, of course, but there is no consensus on the subject of this book.  Is it about fishing?  About the sea?  A philosophical discussion about Savage Nature versus the Devine?  Yes.  And no.

The open, ongoing and seemingly timeless discussion on the nature of ‘Moby Dick’ embodies Melville’s intention with a stroke of ironic perfection.   Melville’s text is to reading what Ahab’s obsession is to life.  What ‘Moby Dick’ is about forms part of the profound mystery of the sea and ourselves, it is archetypal.Original Artist's Book by Meg Green

New Artist’s Book ‘Jove’s Brother’

Artist's Book Meg Green 2015

‘Jove’s Brother’ by Meg Green, 2015.
Ink, plastic, cord, Kindles.
H 165, W 115, D 65 mm

‘Jove’s Brother’ is an observation on our changing relationship with books and reading.

Seven non-functioning Kindle e-readers have been bound into one complete volume.  Each hand drawn ‘page’ constructs a series of images eventually forming a QR code which can be read by mobile, tablet or laptop.  The code links to the continuous text of one of the most iconic books ever written in the English language displayed down a single page of this non-commercial dedicated website JovesBrother.com.  The title of this artwork is revealed by searching the text.

See more about this unique concept book at Jove’s Brother.

Jove's Brother Original Artist's Book by Meg Green Original Artist's Book by Meg Green Original Artist's Book by Meg Green Original Artist's Book by Meg Green Original Artist's Book by Meg Green Original Artist's Book by Meg Green  Original Artist's Book by Meg Green Original Artist's Book by Meg GreenJove's Brother Original Artist's Book Meg Green 2015

The way we understand and absorb reading is changing

A new European study led by Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University, documents differences in the immersion, recall and emotional responses to a story based on whether the material is presented in traditional paper book form or via digital e-reader.  The researchers found that “the tactile experience of a Kindle does not provide the same support for mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does”.

“When you read on paper it is a tactile experience,” says Mangen who also highlighted a paper published last year found that “students who read texts in print scored significantly better on the reading comprehension test than students who read the texts digitally.”

New European study into empirical effects of digitisation on text reading shows reading is becoming more intermittent and fragmented with “empirical evidence indicating screen devices might negatively impact cognitive and emotional aspects of reading”.

The fact that sustained reading takes time strengthens our ability to maintain long term focus, improves our understanding of depth, complexity and layered meaning, and provides a more thoroughly immersive experience of reading in general.  This level of sustained focus helps people, especially children at formative education levels, prepare for and negotiate complex life situations with more balanced references to deeper memory and cultural experiences.

Context is everything.  #RealPaperBooks.

National Trust Clandon Park, Surrey UK

We are very pleased to be invited to teach Book Arts with the National Trust this summer at Clandon Park in lovely, leafy Surrey, UK.

National Trust Clandon Park

Historic Clandon Park is one of the UK’s most beautiful Palladian mansions. Built by a Venetian architect for Lord Onslow in the 1720s, the estate has been passed down through generations of this well known family.  A wonderful place to visit while participating in the heritage of hand bound books.

Dates for SUMMER 2015 to be confirmed very soon!

Guildhall Library Exhibtion ‘LondEnfold’
18 Nov – 13 Dec 2014

Book artist Meg Green has created a series of works inspired by the archives of Guildhall Library, the largest collection in the world
devoted to the history of a single city.

In a special Guildhall LIbrary Exhibition, these unique hand-bound books expand off the page and climb out of the covers depicting some of the more unusual aspects of London’s extraordinary sense of place.

‘Treasure’Treasure 08

Eight hinged folios, Index, Drop down panel box.
Each folio contains a detailed composition inspired by a specific book within the Guildhall Library.  Discover the details of each book by matching the folio image to the Index thumbnail to locate it within the archives.
Look INSIDE the box!

‘selected BROADSIDES of the Guildhall Library’Broadsides Guildhall Library

Fold-out reversible pamphlet.
Inspired by the Broadsides collections of Guildhall Library.
Twelve panels depicting details of selected Broadside sheets within Guildhall Library’s archives.  Each panel includes the Broadside archive reference number.
Open this book and SEE all the pages!

‘LondEnfold’Guildhall Library Exhibtion

Back-to-back book with fold-out timeline and diptych.
Pictorial timeline of the history of Guildhall Library informed by Dr. Peter Cook’s 2012 lecture for Gresham College on this subject.  Layout and artwork inspired by  the architecture of Guildhall Yard and the Roman Amphitheatre situated directly beneath street level, access via Guildhall Art Gallery.

Guildhall Library Exhibtion Guildhall Library Exhibtion

Evening view & reception: ‘LondEnfold’
Thursday, 11 December, 6 – 8pm
CONTACT: GHLevents@cityoflondon.gov.uk
or register with Some Odd Pages on Facebook

“Guildhall Library Artist-In-Residence Meg Green presents ‘LondEnfold’ a range of original Artist’s Books inspired by the Library’s collections. Meg will be discussing books as artworks, and vice versa, along with some of the eccentric ideas and projects which fuel this unusual occupation. The presentation will be followed by an open reception where visitors are invited to browse the Artist’s Books with time for questions and discussion.”

An Introduction to Books Arts
Thursday, 4 December, 1 – 4pm

£45 Advance booking essential
“Discover a range of techniques and make your own books during this half-day workshop. Led by Meg Green of Some Odd Pages Book Arts studio, this interactive session lets you explore materials and develop your own ideas in Book Arts and bookbinding, perfect for creating unique artist’s books and for Christmas. Materials included, tools provided. No experience necessary.”

Guildhall Library Artist-In-Residence ExhibitionGuildhall Library Artist

‘LondEnfold’ by 2014 Artist-In-Residence Meg Green features a series of works inspired by the special collections of Guildhall Library, the world’s largest collection devoted to the history of a single city.

Meg’s hand-bound books expand off the page and climb out of the covers depicting some of the more unusual aspects of London’s extraordinary sense of place.

Exhibition runs Tuesday, 18 November through 13 December.
Workshop 1-4pm, Thursday 4 December, Advance booking required 020 7606 3030.
Presentation and Evening Reception, 6-8pm, 11 December, no booking necessary.

Looking forward to seeing you there!

Guildhall Library: the Library of London History

Guildhall Library is a public reference library specialising in the history of London. The Library’s printed books collection comprises over 200,000 titles dating from the 15th to the 21st centuries and includes books, pamphlets, periodicals, trade directories and poll books. The collection covers all aspects of life in London, past and present, its trade, people and buildings. In addition, we hold extensive collections covering maritime history, business history, clocks and clockmakers, internationally renowned collections of books on wine and food, historic English law reports and British parliamentary papers and statutes.”

Commemorative Book for Special Event

School teacher Abi Seager of Bishopsgate School contacted Some Odd Pages for help with a class project.  One of her students, Reuben, was moving to another city and the class wanted to make him a special commemorative book.  With some easy guidelines from Some Odd Pages, Abi asked all the students for drawings, photos, artworks of any kind with a few words to Reuben and their signature.  It didn’t take long at all to create the covers, title and binding for Rueben’s special book.  The whole class presented their book to Reuben on the last day.  Here’s what Abi said about the project:

Hi Meg, The book went down a storm!  Everyone loved it. Reuben’s mum sent this message:
 
“Thank you so much for contributing to such a special book for Reuben. He was overjoyed and it made him so happy.  Thank you for creating such a special memory.”
 
So as you can see she and I and the children are all very pleased with it. Thank you once again, I will certainly be back to create more books.  Have a great summer,  Abi

 

We love participating with groups on these projects.  Nothing captures the unique gesture and special presence of your friends like their own hand writing.  You don’t have to draw well to express yourself in a few scribbles and add your own words and images.  It’s wonderful how the voice of each person really comes through and creates a really special memory.

The binding for a commemorative book isn’t expensive or complicated.  Starting at £35 we provide some simple guidelines for making the pages.  You deliver the prepared pages, your book is bound in a soft or hard covers with cover title and title page, and returned to you ready for presentation.  Easy peasy and a lasting memory of the people and special events created in their own hand.

CONTACT the studio for more details and your idea for your own book.

Commemorative Book

New Ashgate Gallery Summer Exhibition 2014

Peter Layton New Ashgate Gallery Farnham Surrey UK arts

We are absolutely chuffingly chuffed to have our work featured alongside such brilliant artists as Peter Layton at the New Ashgate Gallery’s Summer Exhibition!  Peter’s new glass sculptures are really exciting and we are so proud to share a space with his work.

The New Ashgate is situated in Farnham a short drive down the A3 and A31 along the Hog’s Back.  What an excellent excuse for a jolly day out in lovely, leafy #Surrey.

The New Ashgate

Waggon Yard, Farnham
Surrey GU9 7PS
01252 713208
gallery@newashgate.org.uk

 

Book Arts exhibition

BOUND online Book Arts exhibition 16 – 30 April 2014

Some Odd Pages celebrates UNESCO World Book Day 2014 with an online exhibition of Book Arts featuring work across a wide range of skills, interests and charmingly bookish eccentricities.

See the unique works of 12 Book Artists and Bookbinders

Many of these works are available for purchase.  Your purchase helps individual Book Artists making unique books unlike anything you’ll find in shops or online through big corporate retailers.  Support hand made books that are really special, a wonderfully intriguing addition to your own library or to give as one-of-a-kind gifts.

There are so many reasons to celebrate 23 APRIL as Books and Roses day.  Here are some of the best:
To promote universal access to reading, writing, literacy and education
To promote cultural diversity, exchange and understanding
To improve access to culturally relevant reading materials in local and regional languages
To celebrate books as the global archive of humanity

Irina Bokova, Director General of UNESCO: 
“Our relationship with books determines our relationship with culture.  In all formats books embody ideas and values considered worthy of pursuit and preservation.”

Happy World Book Day 2014!

What is ‘PERFECT’?

'Story Line' Artist Book, What is perfectIs it when the grid is straight?
When the edges line up?
When all the colour stays inside the lines?

Maybe.  But not necessarily.

Very often I watch students experience anxiety as they work through a new process, cut into new materials or make the first marks of a text or drawing onto a white page.  They say things like, ‘I’m so nervous – I want it to be PERFECT.’   What does this mean and why is it the cause of so much anxiety?

It is disturbing that ideas of ‘Perfect’ are increasingly being replaced by ideas of machine-made. This arbitrary exchange of one set of subjective aesthetics for another clouds our judgement and undervalues the meaning and intent of original artworks.  This is especially important in Book Arts as the commercial manufacture of books is at an all time peak.  If we want a hand made book to look like it came from Paperchase, why don’t we just go to Paperchase and buy one?  It would be far simpler and less expensive.  Forcing a hand bound book to impersonate a machined object only conceals and subverts the essential nature of the hand made thing as well as the artist’s intention in making.

Do we want our books to look machined? Do we want all the edges to line up? All the angles to be square?  Maybe, but that’s not the point.  The point is that Some Odd Pages is hereby redefining PERFECT, particularly in regard to Artists’ Books, original artworks, and indeed all objects made by hand.  So, here it is officially:

PERFECT is determined by how well the object
EMBODIES THE ARTIST’S INTENTION
.

So, if aligned edges are essential to your concept, if straight geometry enacts your idea, if colouring inside the lines realises your intention, then so they should be.  On the other hand, if a big splashy, splodgey tangle of lines, cords, shapes and textures substantiates your vision then clearly it is PERFECT on its own terms.

Artist's Book, original painting, Coptic bindingThis in no way compromises the value of excellence in craftsmanship.  Expertise in materials, techniques and skills comes with time and practice.  If you don’t want your Artist’s Books to have all those glue marks all over the spine and covers perhaps it’s time to rethink how you arrange your workspace.  If you like clean well-laid corners and insets as much a I do, spacious unmarked margins, tight strong bindings which really support the weight of the book block, then it’s important to explore and practice ways of achieving this through workshops, experimentation and experience.

A ‘connoisseur’ is literally ‘one who knows’.  This idea isn’t restricted to the highest levels of making and achievement.  One who knows is acquainted with a subject across a broad range of styles, methods, materials and outcomes embracing a vast range of effects and results, from the clean and pristine to the wild and woolly.  Through practice, vision, intent and connoisseurship does the artist achieve artworks of perfection.

Give them back their favourite book this Christmas season

Book repair and rebinding

Perfect Christmas gift

It’s clearly too early for tinsel in the shops but now is the very time to get your broken books over to your trusted bookbinder in time for Christmas. Have their favourite volume repaired or rebound, a perfect gift for someone special this season. Don’t leave it to the last minute, work table priority list is filling up now.

Wednesday Book Arts courses with RACC Twickenham

RACC book arts wednesdays

RACC Twickenham

Wednesday BOOK ARTS now open for enrolment with the RACC:

Intermediate Bookbinding Workshop, 9.30 – 12.30
Book Arts for Beginners, 13.30 – 16.30

These courses are an incredibly good value as they are supported through the RACC funding structures.  They are held in the beautiful Clifden House studios in Twickenham and focus on core skills, creative development and unique hand bound books. Places are limited, book in advance to avoid disappointment. www.racc.ac.uk/course/C00125-131401

Location:  Clifden House, Twickenham
Days/Times:  Wednesdays 9:30-12.30, 13.30-16.30

Course Overview:

This course explores book binding techniques, structures and projects of intermediate complexity. Projects establish progressive skills upon which you can build and reliably adapt.

Intermediate binding techniques, book structures, pattern making and prototyping, tools and materials will be covered as well as adapting materials, Artist Editions and exhibitions.

Develop your own personal project with tutored guidance. Projects draw upon western and eastern historical bindings as well as intermediate book concepts such as text and image, layering, fold-outs, non-adhesive bindings and the book as sculptural object.

Demonstrations and projects teach safe, reliable and adaptable techniques to produce beautiful, hand-bound books of sound construction and lasting beauty.

Course Content:

Develop creative content while progressing through a intermediate range of technical skills which can be combined and adapted to develop your own project. Then create your own Artist’s Book using techniques, materials and interests developed through the skills projects.

Binding methods combine western and eastern techniques, traditional and contemporary approaches to books and book structures. Learn safe and reliable techniques for measuring, cutting, aligning, folding, gluing and pressing in order to produce an Artist’s Book which embodies the artists’ intention.

Sessions include demonstrations, detailed handouts, step-by-step instructions & diagrams, one-to-one guidance, group discussion and group learning. Students of various levels work together enhancing an exchange of ideas, skills and mutual inspiration.

New secure payment system:
Paypal & credit cards, international shipping

New secure online shop now live!  You can either use your own Paypal account or simply opt for secure credit card payments, Visa or Mastercard.  No login necessary and all details are secure.  Just click ‘Add to Basket’ under any item in the shop and ‘Check Out’ when you’re ready.  You will receive instant transaction ID and email confirmation of your purchase.  Easy, peasy, safe and secure, Some Odd Pages’ shop is now available online.

Secure payments with Visa Mastercard  PayPal Credit Card Secure Pay

Lots of small and medium sized businesses around the world now accept Paypal to securely purchase goods and transfer funds. It’s easy and very cost effective, find out more about Paypal at www.Paypal.com

 

Online shopping: secure payment system with Visa, Mastercard & Paypal

Online shopping should be easy and secure. We’re hard at work behind the scenes getting a new secure online shopping system in place.  Very soon you will be able to click straight through to have Some Odd Pages delivered to your door.  Pay using Visa, Mastercard, Paypal, Bitcoin or cheque (££ please).   #Hoooray!

secure online shopping

PayPal Credit Card Secure Pay

Some sound advice and guidelines from BBC for safe online shopping:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/0/22728224

New hand bound leather journals

We’ve had a lot of response to the Rome, The Eternal City as our client has been very enthusiastic about our work (#Hoooooray!) and has showed a lot of people (thank you!).  So, we decided to carry on in this direction and have created a new range of bright leather journals for the autumn season.

Limited Artist Edition Journals, 192 pages of 130gsm fine art paper, strong hard covers and spine, original design lining, magnetic clasp closure, two page markers, hand bound in fine leather in two sizes: £70 small (A6) or £90 (A5) and a range of colours:  Moss, Azure, Giraffe, British Red, Double Cream White and Sienna Natural.  These journals are perfect for travel or as a unique hand crafted gift, they are refillable on order and bespoke orders accepted.

UWE: University of the West of England, Ltd Ed BookmarkUWE Bookmark Artist Edition

Final edition of 100 signed and numbered bookmarks for the University of the West of England, Centre for Fine Print Research. ‘Mapping West Penwith’ iss a different approach to mapping a personal sense of place in the far western Cornish peninsula.

See more about this annual project at BOOKMARKS

The annual ‘Bookmarks’ projects encourage appreciation of Artist’s Books. Participating artists each produce an edition of 100 signed and numbered bookmarks to give away through distribution boxes at venues around the world.  Each bookmark has the website address which brings visitors to the online gallery of artworks.

Over the last ten years, the Bookmarks projects of free artwork distribution has visited 105 galleries, bookstores, workshops, centres, schools and libraries in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK and USA.

423 artists have contributed 42,300 bookmarks to the eleven projects to date. Editioned bookmarks are collated into sets; one full set being sent to each of the contributing artists and the rest divided and sent in distribution boxes to participating host venues around the world, for visitors to take.

Have a look through all the inspired and highly original bookmark artworks at:

http://www.bookarts.uwe.ac.uk/bookmark.htm

Participating Artists for the 2013 project:

http://www.bookarts.uwe.ac.uk/bkmks11/artists.htm

 

UWE Bookmark 2013

UWE Bookmark preparation

 

UWE Limited edition bookmark: ‘Infiltrating Libraries’

Trying to work out a different approach to landscape: sketches for UWE Bookmark project. (My Local, 247 miles away. Yep, that’s a chip stain across our old map.)

The Bookmarks projects series aims to encourage appreciation of work in the format of the artist’s book. Participating artists each produce an edition of 100 signed and numbered bookmarks to give away through distribution boxes at venues around the world. Each bookmark has the website address which brings visitors to the gallery of artworks online.

Over the last ten years, the Bookmarks series of free artwork distribution has visited 105 galleries, bookstores, workshops, centres, schools and libraries in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK and USA.

423 artists have contributed 42,300 bookmarks to the eleven projects to date. Editioned bookmarks are collated into sets; one full set being sent to each of the contributing artists and the rest divided and sent in distribution boxes to participating host venues around the world, for visitors to take.

paper

Somerset paper

Fine Art papers on the way.

New paper order on the way!  Somerset in white, warm white and black, a range of the lovliest Hahnemuhle Bugra earth tones, Zerkall etching, Snowden 130, Fabriano, Rossi, Japanese Chiyogami….

Ah, we’re gonna need another plan chest.

Here’s a good overview of different methods of papermaking from Whittington Press:

Hand Made Paper

Cellulose fibres (plant fibres usually from cotton) are shredded and mixed with water.  The mixture of fibres and water, which is very dilute, is called pulp. It is passed into a vat in which it is agitated mechanically to give an even concentration, The papermaker (vatman) stands by with a pair of moulds. A mould is a rigid wooden frame covered with a fine wire mesh. He produces a sheet of paper by dipping the mould into the pulp and lifting it out with a shaking action. The water drains off leaving a matt of fibres in the mould the outer edges of which is called a deckle. The edge of the sheet is at the deckle, but one gets fibre seepage under the deckle. Thus the edge of the sheet is not a sharp edge, but a rather ragged graduation down to nothing – this is called a deckled edge and is the natural edge obtained when paper is made by hand. Because of the method of manufacture, the fibre orientation is random and there are no significant differences in properties of the sheet in the long or short direction.

Mould Made Paper

Pulp is prepared in the same way as for hand-made paper and is usually of the same high quality raw materials. At the point of manufacture, the process is now automated and the pulp is passed into a vat that contains a rotating cylinder partly immersed in the pulp, again covered in a fine wire mesh. This is the cylinder mould form which the paper takes its descriptive name. As the cylinder rotates, the fibre forms into a matt on the outside of the cylinder. Just after the highest point of rotation and before re-entering the vat, this matt of fibres is couched off onto a felt and removed continuously from the point of manufacture to be further processed. Because of the nature of the machine which is usually run very slowly, although there is a difference in properties between the long and short directions of the paper but not so pronounced as for commercially manufactured machine-made paper.

Machine Made Paper

Again cellulose fibre is prepared to give a pulp in low concentration in water. Commonly, but not always with machine-made paper, the pulp is of lower quality than for either of the above. This is now passed onto a horizontal fast moving wire mesh and the excess water drains through, leaving the sheet formed on the wire. This principle was developed by the Fourdrinier brothers and this type of machine is called a Fourdrinier machine. This machine is accepted today as giving the most economical production and is used to produce large quantities of cheaper paper which are produced at high speed. Because of this normally high speed production, the sheet will show very marked differences in properties between the long and short direction of the sheet.

Artist's Book: 'Cross Rhodes' cover detail 1

Artist’s Book, Cross Rhodes

We Love Our Books

Books are instinctive.  They fit our hands and our ‘ocular readers’ are already installed.
Books don’t require electrical plugs, a power source or a screen.  Books do not crash.
Books can be shared, stored and retrieved without any special equipment.
We move with ease throughout a book, seeing all the pages at once.
A book can be any size and shape, an architecture of pages and covers that can fold out, hang up, turn inside out or collapse down, a portal, a doorstop, a footstool, a leg prop or a drinks coaster.
Books are a sculptural, narrative, visual, tactile, intimate, monumental and timeless.
The mighty and humble book, infinitely adaptable content and context between moving covers.