Moby Dick

MOBMboy Dick Jove's BrotherY
DICK;
OR
THE
WHALE

Moby
Dick
By
Herman
Melville

ETYMOLOGY

(Supplied
by
a
Late
Consumptive
Usher
to
a
Grammar
School)

The
pale
Usher—
threadbare
in
coat,
heart,
body,
and
brain;
I
see
him
now.
He
was
ever
dusting
his
old
lexicons
and
grammars,
with
a
queer
handkerchif,
mockingly
embellished
with
all
the
gay
flags
of
all
the
known
nations
of
the
world.
He
loved
to
dust
his
old
grammars;

it
somehow
mildly
reminded
him
of
his
mortality.

“While
you
take
in
hand
to
school
others,
and
to
teach
them
by
what
name
a
whale
fish
is
to
be
called
in
our
tongue
leaving
out,
through
ignorance,
the
letter
H,
which
almost
alone
maketh
the
signification
of
the
word,
you
deliver
that
which
is
not
true.”
HACKLUYT

“WHALE….
Sw.
and
Dan.
HVAL.
This
animal
is
named
from
roundness
or
rolling;
for
in
Dan.
HVALT
is
arched
or
vaulted.”
WEBSTER’S
DICTIONARY

“WHALE….
It
is
more
immediately
from
the
Dut.
and
Ger.
WALLEN;
A.S.
WALW
IAN,
to
roll,
to
wallow.”
RICHARDSON’S
DICTIONARY

KETOS,
GREEK.

CETUS,
LATIN.

WHOEL,
ANGLO
SAXON.

HVALT,
DANISH.

WAL,
DUTCH.

HWAL,
SWEDISH.

WHALE,
ICELANDIC.

WHALE,
ENGLISH.

BALEINE,
FRENCH.

BALLENA,
SPANISH.

PEKEE
NUEE
NUEE,
FEGEE.

PEHEE
NUEE
NUEE,
ERROMANGOAN.

EXTRACTS
Supplied
by
a
Sub
Sub
Librarian.

It
will
be
seen
that
this
mere
painstaking
burrower
and
grub
worm
of
a
poor
devil
of
a
Sub
Sub
appears
to
have
gone
through
the
long
Vaticans
and
street
stalls
of
the
earth,
picking
up
whatever
random
allusions
to
whales
he
could
anyways
find
in
any
book
whatsoever,
sacred
or
profane.
Therefore
you
must
not,
in
every
case
at
least,
take
the
higgledy
piggledy
whale
statements,
however
authentic,
in
these
extracts,
for
veritable
gospel
cetology.
Far
from
it.
As
touching
the
ancient
authors
generally,
as
well
as
the
poets
here
appearing,
these
extracts
are
solely
valuable
or
entertaining,
as
affording
a
glancing
bird’s
eye
view
of
what
has
been
promiscuously
said,
thought,
fancied,
and
sung
of
Leviathan,
by
many
nations
and
generations,
including
our
own.

So
fare
thee
well,
poor
devil
of
a
Sub
Sub,
whose
commentator
I
am.
Thou
belongest
to
that
hopeless,
sallow
tribe
which
no
wine
of
this
world
will
ever
warm;
and
for
whom
even
Pale
Sherry
would
be
too
rosy
strong;
but
with
whom
one
sometimes
loves
to
sit,
and
feel
poor
devilish,
too;
and
grow
convivial
upon
tears;
and
say
to
them
bluntly,
with
full
eyes
and
empty
glasses,
and
in
not
altogether
unpleasant
sadness
Give
it
up,
Sub
Subs!
For
by
how
much
the
more
pains
ye
take
to
please
the
world,
by
so
much
the
more
shall
ye
for
ever
go
thankless!
Would
that
I
could
clear
out
Hampton
Court
and
the
Tuileries
for
ye!
But
gulp
down
your
tears
and
hie
aloft
to
the
royal
mast
with
your
hearts;
for
your
friends
who
have
gone
before
are
clearing
out
the
seven
storied
heavens,
and
making
refugees
of
long
pampered
Gabriel,
Michael,
and
Raphael,
against
your
coming.
Here
ye
strike
but
splintered
hearts
together
there,
ye
shall
strike
unsplinterable
glasses!

EXTRACTS.

“And
God
created
great
whales.”
GENESIS.

“Leviathan
maketh
a
path
to
shine
after
him;
One
would
think
the
deep
to
be
hoary.”
JOB.

“Now
the
Lord
had
prepared
a
great
fish
to
swallow
up
Jonah.”
JONAH.

“There
go
the
ships;
there
is
that
Leviathan
whom
thou
hast
made
to
play
therein.”
PSALMS.

“In
that
day,
the
Lord
with
his
sore,
and
great,
and
strong
sword,
shall
punish
Leviathan
the
piercing
serpent,
even
Leviathan
that
crooked
serpent;
and
he
shall
slay
the
dragon
that
is
in
the
sea.”
ISAIAH

“And
what
thing
soever
besides
cometh
within
the
chaos
of
this
monster’s
mouth,
be
it
beast,
boat,
or
stone,
down
it
goes
all
incontinently
that
foul
great
swallow
of
his,
and
perisheth
in
the
bottomless
gulf
of
his
paunch.”
HOLLAND’S
PLUTARCH’S
MORALS.

“The
Indian
Sea
breedeth
the
most
and
the
biggest
fishes
that
are:
among
which
the
Whales
and
Whirlpooles
called
Balaene,
take
up
as
much
in
length
as
four
acres
or
arpens
of
land.”
HOLLAND’S
PLINY.

“Scarcely
had
we
proceeded
two
days
on
the
sea,
when
about
sunrise
a
great
many
Whales
and
other
monsters
of
the
sea,
appeared.
Among
the
former,
one
was
of
a
most
monstrous
size….
This
came
towards
us,
open
mouthed,
raising
the
waves
on
all
sides,
and
beating
the
sea
before
him
into
a
foam.”
TOOKE’S
LUCIAN.
“THE
TRUE
HISTORY.”

“He
visited
this
country
also
with
a
view
of
catching
horse
whales,
which
had
bones
of
very
great
value
for
their
teeth,
of
which
he
brought
some
to
the
king….
The
best
whales
were
catched
in
his
own
country,
of
which
some
were
forty
eight,
some
fifty
yards
long.
He
said
that
he
was
one
of
six
who
had
killed
sixty
in
two
days.”
OTHER
OR
OTHER’S
VERBAL
NARRATIVE
TAKEN
DOWN
FROM
HIS
MOUTH
BY
KING
ALFRED,
A.D.
890.

“And
whereas
all
the
other
things,
whether
beast
or
vessel,
that
enter
into
the
dreadful
gulf
of
this
monster’s
(whale’s)
mouth,
are
immediately
lost
and
swallowed
up,
the
sea
gudgeon
retires
into
it
in
great
security,
and
there
sleeps.”
MONTAIGNE.
APOLOGY
FOR
RAIMOND
SEBOND.

“Let
us
fly,
let
us
fly!
Old
Nick
take
me
if
is
not
Leviathan
described
by
the
noble
prophet
Moses
in
the
life
of
patient
Job.”
RABELAIS.

“This
whale’s
liver
was
two
cartloads.”
STOWE’S
ANNALS.

“The
great
Leviathan
that
maketh
the
seas
to
seethe
like
boiling
pan.”

LORD
BACON’S
VERSION
OF
THE
PSALMS.

“Touching
that
monstrous
bulk
of
the
whale
or
ork
we
have
received
nothing
certain.
They
grow
exceeding
fat,
insomuch
that
an
incredible
quantity
of
oil
will
be
extracted
out
of
one
whale.”
IBID.
“HISTORY
OF
LIFE
AND
DEATH.”

“The
sovereignest
thing
on
earth
is
parmacetti
for
an
inward
bruise.”

KING
HENRY.

“Very
like
a
whale.”
HAMLET.

“Which
to
secure,
no
skill
of
leach’s
art

Mote
him
availle,
but
to
returne
againe

To
his
wound’s
worker,
that
with
lowly
dart,

Dinting
his
breast,
had
bred
his
restless
paine,

Like
as
the
wounded
whale
to
shore
flies
thro’
the
maine.”

THE
FAERIE
QUEEN.

“Immense
as
whales,
the
motion
of
whose
vast
bodies
can
in
a
peaceful
calm
trouble
the
ocean
til
it
boil.”
SIR
WILLIAM
DAVENANT.
PREFACE
TO
GONDIBERT.

“What
spermacetti
is,
men
might
justly
doubt,
since
the
learned
Hosmannus
in
his
work
of
thirty
years,
saith
plainly,
Nescio
quid
sit.”

SIR
T.
BROWNE.
OF
SPERMA
CETI
AND
THE
SPERMA
CETI
WHALE.
VIDE
HIS
V.
E.

“Like
Spencer’s
Talus
with
his
modern
flail

He
threatens
ruin
with
his
ponderous
tail.

Their
fixed
jav’lins
in
his
side
he
wears,

And
on
his
back
a
grove
of
pikes
appears.”

WALLER’S
BATTLE
OF
THE
SUMMER
ISLANDS.

“By
art
is
created
that
great
Leviathan,
called
a
Commonwealth
or
State
(in
Latin,
Civitas)
which
is
but
an
artificial
man.”
OPENING
SENTENCE
OF
HOBBES’S
LEVIATHAN.

“Silly
Mansoul
swallowed
it
without
chewing,
as
if
it
had
been
a
sprat
in
the
mouth
of
a
whale.”
PILGRIM’S
PROGRESS.

“That
sea
beast

Leviathan,
which
God
of
all
his
works

Created
hugest
that
swim
the
ocean
stream.”
PARADISE
LOST.

“There
Leviathan,

Hugest
of
living
creatures,
in
the
deep

Stretched
like
a
promontory
sleeps
or
swims,

And
seems
a
moving
land;
and
at
his
gills

Draws
in,
and
at
his
breath
spouts
out
a
sea.”
IBID.

“The
mighty
whales
which
swim
in
a
sea
of
water,
and
have
a
sea
of
oil
swimming
in
them.”
FULLLER’S
PROFANE
AND
HOLY
STATE.

“So
close
behind
some
promontory
lie

The
huge
Leviathan
to
attend
their
prey,

And
give
no
chance,
but
swallow
in
the
fry,

Which
through
their
gaping
jaws
mistake
the
way.”

DRYDEN’S
ANNUS
MIRABILIS.

“While
the
whale
is
floating
at
the
stern
of
the
ship,
they
cut
off
his
head,
and
tow
it
with
a
boat
as
near
the
shore
as
it
will
come;
but
it
will
be
aground
in
twelve
or
thirteen
feet
water.”
THOMAS
EDGE’S
TEN
VOYAGES
TO
SPITZBERGEN,
IN
PURCHAS.

“In
their
way
they
saw
many
whales
sporting
in
the
ocean,
and
in
wantonness
fuzzing
up
the
water
through
their
pipes
and
vents,
which
nature
has
placed
on
their
shoulders.”
SIR
T.
HERBERT’S
VOYAGES
INTO
ASIA
AND
AFRICA.
HARRIS
COLL.

“Here
they
saw
such
huge
troops
of
whales,
that
they
were
forced
to
proceed
with
a
great
deal
of
caution
for
fear
they
should
run
their
ship
upon
them.”
SCHOUTEN’S
SIXTH
CIRCUMNAVIGATION.

“We
set
sail
from
the
Elbe,
wind
N.E.
in
the
ship
called
The
Jonas
in
the
Whale….
Some
say
the
whale
can’t
open
his
mouth,
but
that
is
a
fable….
They
frequently
climb
up
the
masts
to
see
whether
they
can
see
a
whale,
for
the
first
discoverer
has
a
ducat
for
his
pains….
I
was
told
of
a
whale
taken
near
Shetland,
that
had
above
a
barrel
of
herrings
in
his
belly….
One
of
our
harpooneers
told
me
that
he
caught
once
a
whale
in
Spitzbergen
that
was
white
all
over.”
A
VOYAGE
TO
GREENLAND,
A.D.
1671
HARRIS
COLL.

“Several
whales
have
come
in
upon
this
coast
(Fife)
Anno
1652,
one
eighty
feet
in
length
of
the
whale
bone
kind
came
in,
which
(as
I
was
informed),
besides
a
vast
quantity
of
oil,
did
afford
500
weight
of
baleen.
The
jaws
of
it
stand
for
a
gate
in
the
garden
of
Pitferren.”

SIBBALD’S
FIFE
AND
KINROSS.

“Myself
have
agreed
to
try
whether
I
can
master
and
kill
this
Sperma
ceti
whale,
for
I
could
never
hear
of
any
of
that
sort
that
was
killed
by
any
man,
such
is
his
fierceness
and
swiftness.”
RICHARD
STRAFFORD’S
LETTER
FROM
THE
BERMUDAS.
PHIL.
TRANS.
A.D.
1668.

“Whales
in
the
sea
God’s
voice
obey.”
N.
E.
PRIMER.

“We
saw
also
abundance
of
large
whales,
there
being
more
in
those
southern
seas,
as
I
may
say,
by
a
hundred
to
one;
than
we
have
to
the
northward
of
us.”
CAPTAIN
COWLEY’S
VOYAGE
ROUND
THE
GLOBE,
A.D.
1729.

“…
and
the
breath
of
the
whale
is
frequently
attended
with
such
an
insupportable
smell,
as
to
bring
on
a
disorder
of
the
brain.”
ULLOA’S
SOUTH
AMERICA.

 

“To
fifty
chosen
sylphs
of
special
note,

We
trust
the
important
charge,
the
petticoat.

Oft
have
we
known
that
seven
fold
fence
to
fail,

Tho’
stuffed
with
hoops
and
armed
with
ribs
of
whale.”

RAPE
OF
THE
LOCK.

“If
we
compare
land
animals
in
respect
to
magnitude,
with
those
that
take
up
their
abode
in
the
deep,
we
shall
find
they
will
appear
contemptible
in
the
comparison.
The
whale
is
doubtless
the
largest
animal
in
creation.”
GOLDSMITH,
NAT.
HIST.

“If
you
should
write
a
fable
for
little
fishes,
you
would
make
them
speak
like
great
wales.”
GOLDSMITH
TO
JOHNSON.

“In
the
afternoon
we
saw
what
was
supposed
to
be
a
rock,
but
it
was
found
to
be
a
dead
whale,
which
some
Asiatics
had
killed,
and
were
then
towing
ashore.
They
seemed
to
endeavor
to
conceal
themselves
behind
the
whale,
in
order
to
avoid
being
seen
by
us.”
COOK’S
VOYAGES.

Moby Dick